Barringtonia racemosa seeds.Barringtonia racemosa (Linnaeus) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 3: 127. 1826.
玉蕊 yu rui
Eugenia racemosa Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 471. 1753; Barringtonia ceylanica (Miers) Gardner ex C. B. Clarke; B. elon gata Korthals; B. timorensis Blume; Butonica apiculata Miers; B. ceylanica Miers; B. inclyta Miers; B. terrestris Miers.
Shrubs or trees to 27 m tall. Branches pendulous, gray-brown; bark smooth or fissured. Leaves petiolate; petiole 2-15 mm, winged; leaf blade obovate-oblong, 20-35 × 6-14 cm, base cuneate, margin serrate-crenulate, apex acute or acumi-nate. Racemes usually terminal or in axils of fallen leaves, pendulous, many flowered; bracts triangular, 5-6 mm; bracteoles triangular, 1.5-2 mm. Pedicel to 2.5 cm. Flowers 6-9 mm. Calyx 2-4-lobed, 10-12 cm at anthesis; tube ca. 2.5 mm. Petals 4, green or tinged red or yellow, oblong, 1-1.3 × 0.5-0.8 cm. Stamens in 5 or 6 whorls, innermost sterile; tube 3.5-6 mm; filaments red, proximally white or pink, 3-3.5 cm; staminodes 10-13 mm. Ovary 2-4-loculed, 1.5-3.5 mm; ovules 2 or 3 per locule; style 4-6 cm. Fruit ovoid-cylindric, 4-angled, 5-9 × 3-4 cm; pericarp fibrous but somewhat fleshy. Seed ovoid, 2-4 cm. Fl. and fr. almost year-round. 2n = 52.
Seashores, along tidal rivers, estuaries. Hainan, Taiwan [Japan; Australia, Old World tropics
Barringtonia racemosa seeds
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- Barringtonia racemosa (Powder-puff tree, Afrikaans: Poeierkwasboom, Zulu: Iboqo, Malay: Putat) is a tree in the family Lecythidaceae. It is found in coastal swamp forests and on the edges of estuaries in the Indian Ocean, starting at the east coast of Mozambique and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) to Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Thailand, Laos, southern China, northern Australia, coastal Taiwan, the Ryukyu Islands and many Polynesian islands.
The Powder-puff tree is a protected tree in South Africa.